Native-mind people of many lands believe that they
can communicate directly with ancestral spirits, often pictured as
magical animals who possess the traits of distinct species such as
possum, lizard and owl. The possibility of interspecies communication,
now becoming recognized by some scientists, seems to have long been
a reality to many indigenous peoples. See animism.
(Dreamtime Ancestor by Djawida, 1985 in Aboriginal Art by
Wally Caruana, Thames & Hudson, 1993.)
abo sapiens: Neologism proposed by ethologist
John Bleibtreu for the human species considered as a primate endowed
with self-guiding capacities. (The Parable of the Beast, p.
258) Abo is short for Latin ab origine, from the
The neologism suggests that the human species can be guided on its course
of evolution by principles inborn to it from the outset, from the very
inception of its journey, ab origine. In other species, these
guiding principles are present as instincts, inherited behavioral patterns
that operate automatically once they are triggered. While the term homo
sapiens is male-biased, the Latin root homo- being commonly
suggestive of man, the abo sapiens is neutral and
inclusive. It allows for the belief that both the male and female of
the species carry essential elements of the inborn knowingness (sapience)
originally present in the biological potential of the human race.
The operation of instinct in homo sapiens appears problematic.
Indeed, this may be the decisive issue central to anthropology and psychology,
the sphinx-like riddle that unites these two branches of inquiry. In
the sense suggested by Bliebtreu, abo sapiens would be an animal guided
by its exceptional capacity to learn. Ideally, this learning process
would be goal-oriented, its aim being to produce a harmonious social
order adapted to the Gaian habitat. The tried-and-proven capacity of
human beings to learn behavior and adaptive skills has favored the argument
that learning* replaces instinct in our species. This may well be so,
but if it is, it challenges us to imagine how homo sapiens might
be possessed of an inborn instinct to learn. If such exists, it would
contrast to the endowment of other animals whose capacity to learn is
rigorously restricted, although enactment of their instinctual programs
is so exact and infallible that they hardly seem to need to learn anything
extraneous to what they innately know.
Can the instinct that makes us distinctly human be identified in an advanced
capacity to acquire, organize and communicate knowledge? This question
may well represent the master riddle of our species.
aborigines: Synonymous with indigenous
peoples, first peoples and native-mind peoples. When capitalized, it
refers to tribes native to Australia, people who represent a culture
of great antiquity.
Traditional archeological evidence holds that Aboriginal culture has existed
in Australia for 60,000 years, but more recent evidence indicates that the period
is more like 120,000 to 150,000 years. The Aborigines rituals, beliefs,
and cosmology may represent the deepest collective memory of our race. (Lawlor,
9) The first peoples from Down Under occupy a key role in metahistorical discourse,
because they represent an outstanding example of the importance of stories in
preserving the directive wisdom of human experience. Their millennial traditions
are preserved by rich oral culture. Histories of tribe and place are ritually
remembered in long narratives called songlines which record and even
imitate the deeds of Sacred Ancestors who sang the world into existence. The
ritual and narrative content of these oral histories defines the culture of the
people and guides the experience of both individual and community. See also Dreamtime.
Abrahamic faiths Inclusive term
for the three world-scale religions that trace their origin to the Biblical
patriarch, Abraham, a quasi-historical individual who may have lived
in Asia Minor around 1800 BCE.
From Abraham descend the twelve tribes of Israel, legendary
ancestors of the Jews. With his concubine, Hagar, Abraham produced a
rejected heir, Ishmael, who is believed to be the ancestor of the ancient
Hamite peoples and, by extension, modern Arabs. Although it rejects some
aspects of its Judaic roots, Christianity sees in Abraham a man chosen
by the creator god, Yahweh, believed to be the celestial father of Jesus,
the Christian messiah. Due to the narrative fusion of the Old and New
Testaments, the coming of the god-man, Jesus Christ, is believed to be
an inevitable result of the historical progress that begins with Abrahams
departure from Ur in the Chaldees (southern Iraq). In its entirety, this
narrative is the foundation story of the Judaic-Christian-Islamic religious
complex, though each of the three component faiths selects and highlights
different aspects of the narrative. See also Sacred History.
acquired traits In evolutionary
theory proposed by French naturalist, Jean Baptiste Lamarck [1744 1829],
traits believed to be acquired through trial-and-error and somehow transmitted
by genetic programming. For example, the giraffe acquires a long neck
because generations of shorter-necked ancestors strained to eat leaves
from the limbs of high trees.
In the vast debate over evolutionary theory, there remains a wavering
fault-line between the denial and the acceptance of acquired traits.
Larmarckian theory has often been represented as heresy, flatly opposed
to Darwinian theory, yet Darwin himself accepted a moderate version of
it. More recently Nobel laureate Sir Peter Medawar has argued that at
least one of the main characteristics of a distinctively human
form of evolution would be Lamarckian in style, because
the human way of evolving embodies a learning process. (Does
Ethology Throw Any Light on Human Behaviour?
The issue is crucial in metahistory because acquisition may determine
how human beings transmit the lessons of experience over time. How we
learn and transmit learning is essential to our sense of humanity. It
largely determines how we define ourselves as a species. It may also
be the key factor in the baffling question of guidance.
act Human engagement in an event, distinguished
from the mere event itself. An act is something done by a human being,
not merely an action or event that happens by itself, like rainfall.
Acts were originally recounted in long oral narratives such as the Homeric
epics. The record of human experience was preserved and transmitted orally
for thousands of years before writing.
Since Herodotus, the Greek writer usually recognized as the first genuine
historian, acts have been recorded in textual form in historical narratives.
The act written down can be called a fact. One problem with written history
is that the bare record of facts is opaque: it tells what happened at
a certain time and place, yet it tells little or nothing about the true
nature of human acts. Also, there may have been many acts that crucially
determined the course of human experience but were not recorded. Written
history fosters the illusion that if we know a select number of facts
about the past, we will be able to understand their consequences in the
present. The present situation of a society, or of humanity as a whole,
has certainly been affected by human acts that were never recorded. This
means that the historical record must remain perpetually incomplete,
and so it is in the final sense inadequate to explain whats happening
now on the basis of what happened before.
Aeon Gk "emanation, divine power, cosmic
time cycle. " Pronounced A-ON,. Adjective, Aeonic. E.g., "Reefs
of Aeonic dreaming." (Gaia Mythos)
This essential term in Gnostic cosmology might be useful in getting
away from the awkward terms God and gods. An Aeon is a god understood,
not in theological terms, but in terms of the physics of consciousness.
Aeons are not entities but processes that may best be conceptualized
as immense currents, but currents that are alive, self-aware, sensuous.
The Goddess Sophia who becomes embodied as Gaia is an Aeon, hence the
Aeon Sophia. Aeons are gendered. In some Gnostic scenarios the male counterpart
to the female Aeon Sophia is the Aeon Christos.
See also Generators in the Commentaries
on the Gaia Mythos.
agenda A program for behavior, usually defined
by a belief about what is right or wrong in a particular context or setting.
Most religious creeds propose an agenda in the form of a moral code, a
set of behavioral rules: for instance, the Ten Commandments. To enforce
the agenda, proponents of the creed insist that obedience to the rules
ensures a reward from God, the supra-human source of the rules, and disobedience
results in some form of punishment. Thus, the very notion of a behavioral
agenda is closely linked with the belief that morality is a reward-and-punishment
system. In fundamentalist religions, this belief is enforced by stories
that illustrate the omniscience of God. Needless to say, if God does not
know what were doing, He cannot reward or punish us for doing it.
alien Derived from L alius, Gr allo, other.
The term loosely applied to any non-terrestrial species, popularly known
as ETs or EBEs, exo-biological entities, but not to any non-human species,
such as bears and bees.
The question of contact between humanity and non-human species has generated
a number of conflicting scripts, some of which represent the aliens are
god-like benefactors, while others represent them as malicious predators.
See also Archons, Annunaki, Biblical UFOlogy, and intervention
alienation According to religious belief,
separation of humanity from the creator, God. According to humanism, separation
of humanity from its authentic form of existence.
In the Biblical narrative, alienation of humanity from God is recounted
in the story of the Fall. This script encodes the belief that woman, represented
by Eve, is responsible for tempting man, represented by Adam, to deviate
from the will of God. Ultimately, the deviance is due to the serpent who
tempts Eve, but she does give in to it (rather like Oscar Wilde, who admitted, I
can resist everything except temptation.) The belief that the serpent
represents Evil or something satanic was challenged by Gnostics who argued
with the first Christians over the meaning of the Eden scenario. Gnostics
were heretics who believed that the serpent in the Garden of Even was a
benefactor to humanity, rather than an enemy. On this plot reversal, see
In the sacred history common to Judaic, Christian and Islamic religion,
alienation is not exactly our own fault, because it is due to a primal
act of disobedience. The belief that all subsequent generations inherit
the sin of Adam and Eve has been central to Christian theology since St.
According to humanist criteria, alienation is separation from ourselves,
a split within our humanity rather than a separation of humanity from God.
R. D. Laing wrote that the condition of alienation, of being asleep,
of being unconscious, of being out of ones mind, is the condition
of the normal man. (P, 28) This rupture within the human soul is
reflected outwardly in a distancing between individuals, causing communities
to dissolve and society at large to disintegrate. The rupture of the inter-human
bond becomes gravely exacerbated in industrial and post-industrial society.
Alienation is widely thought to be a primary symptom of the pathology of
In the Cybernetic Age, alienation may be approaching its outer limit. Electronic
media present the means for people to plunge into cyberspace and cocoon
themselves in virtual reality, hence to ignore the real world
populated with flesh-and-blood individuals. This retreat into another dimension
appears to be a real desire in many people who feel so alienated from others
that they see nothing to lose by migrating permanently into cyberspace.
This trend is the ultimate consequence of what some have described as the
first and supreme alienation: the separation of humanity from Sacred Nature,
If this is indeed the story now unfolding, the error of our primal parents
might have to be reinterpreted according to a different story line: We
were not rejected by God from the Garden, we rejected the Garden.
According to a much-debated theory, it is the culture humans make that
alienates them from nature. See also culture.
aligned belief: chosen after careful
consideration of options or alternatives.
Example: if I am ill and find that I cannot be cured by conventional
medicine, I may choose to investigate other systems of healing such as
laying-on-of-hands, Ayurveda or Biological Medicine. After informing
myself of the options and evaluating whether or not they suit me, I am
in a position to adopt a belief about healing aligned to my experience,
rather than imposed on it.
Aligned belief always involves the consideration of alternatives. Curiously,
when it comes to what are seemingly the most important issues in human
life -- namely, religious issues, one's relation to God, etc - most people
prefer to accept the beliefs given to them rather than go through a process
of evaluation leading to alignment. The aim of Metahistory.org is to
encourage the process of developing aligned beliefs, and not to endorse
any particular belief, although metacritique does assume that certain
beliefs may be insane and inhumane. Obviously, metahistory does not encourage
alignment to such beliefs.
For a complete list of permutations of belief see Modes
alignment: The path of choice based on
This is a definition specific to metahistory. Most people live by beliefs
that were either imposed on them without the option to consider alternatives,
or inherited through family, race and culture. In such cases individuals
are driven by what they believe, even though they may not fully
understand the beliefs they hold. To live by beliefs chosen from a range
of carefully deliberated options is to be aligned, rather than driven.
The question of whether or not aligned beliefs are more true than received
beliefs is left open in metahistory. For instance, after assessing a
range of beliefs concerning the spiritual guidance of the human species,
I might choose to believe that Elvis works along with Jesus from a higher
plane to lead humanity toward a better world. If I have chosen this belief
from a range of options, it is by definition an aligned belief. Likewise,
someone who looks to science for the ultimate answers might survey a
variety of theories and choose the belief that brute animal instinct
is what guides humanity, for good or ill. This would also be an aligned
choice of belief.
Is belief in guidance by instinct in some way more true than
belief in guidance by Elvis? It may be more rational but thats
all that can be said, because the ultimate value of a belief cannot be
determined by criteria external to the experience of the believer. At
most, it can be said that aligned beliefs are more authentic than
received beliefs. True or not, rational or not, they belong more to the
authentic personal reality of the believer than beliefs that come from
outside the sovereign and subjective experience of the individual.
alternative history: A version
of history that differs from the accepted or conventional version held
by the world at large and taught in schools and universities. One of
the most well known versions of alternative history is the Atlantis scenario,
the subject of thousands of books and endless speculation.
Alternative histories are considered in metahistory, but developing them
is not the final aim here. Whether or not its existence can be proven
in scientific or archeological terms, the belief that Atlantis existed
is a powerful catalyst for debate, and a trigger for imagination. Metahistorical
inquiry looks at all versions of alternative history to see what beliefs
they carry, and looks especially closely at beliefs about our essential
humanity implied in different scenarios of history. The essential question
posed by any alternative history is, How will we view humanity differently
if we adopt this story?
ancient astronauts: A scenario
made famous by Erich von Daniken, author of Chariots of the Gods? (1970).
Von Danikens claim that Paleolithic cave art depicts spaceman in
NASA-style suits and helmets has been widely debunked, but his notion
that the gods of previous ages were extra-terrestrials from advanced
civilizations in outer space remains deeply embedded in popular imagination.
Other writers before him present more solid research and a more sober
treatment of evidence. For instance, W. Raymond Blake (Gods and Spacemen
in the Ancient East, 1968) finds in Asian texts such as the Chinese Shu
King, the Japanese Hihongi, and the Hindu Mahabharata,
a wealth of vivid passages that could well describe sophisticated spacecraft
and nuclear weapons. By far the most extensive and sophisticated version
of the ancient astronaut scenario is the one developed by Zecharia Sitchin
in eight volumes of densely researched writing.
Whatever the evidence presented, the fact remains that belief in alien
intervention (past and current) is widespread in modern society, especially
in America. See also Biblical UFOlogy.
animism The belief that external nature
is animated by entities that are in some manner conscious and able to
communicate with each other as well as with human beings.
The current anthropological theory of animism was formally defined in
1871 by E. B. Tylor, who considered animistic experience to be the basis
of all later religions. Strictly speaking, it is incorrect to say that
people such as the Hopi of North America or the Inuit of Greenland hold
animistic beliefs. For them, animism is not a belief-system but a fact
Defined by those who reject it as foolish superstition, animism is the
belief in all kinds of vague spirits that inhabit nature. Animists are
accused of suffering the illusion that vague invisible spirits mysteriously
permeate the natural world, but this view misrepresents the true meaning
of animism: namely, that conscious intelligence lives manifestly in
nature. Those who believe in animism are convinced that the earth
is indeed highly animated by the myriad species that share
the habitat with homo sapiens. The great shift that has occurred
over the last two thousand years has steered humanity away from contact
and communion with other species in nature toward exclusive dependency
on a creator god imagined to exist outside the sensorial realm. With
this shift, animism has come to be viewed as decadent and delusional.
Because it is so central to our way of relating to nature, and even more
significantly, to our way of dissociating ourselves from nature, what
we believe about animism i.e., whether it is indeed a valid
and verifiable mode of experience may determine our future as
Totemic ancestors (like the one represented in the modern Aboriginal
painting that heads this section of the Lexicon) are universally conceived
as magical entities endowed with supernatural power who create the natural
world and instruct the native peoples. The totem pole of Native American
peoples may indicate a long-standing recognition that human beings
possess in the code-structure of DNA a genetic memory of all previous
stages of evolution (Lash, T, 70). If so, it would bear witness
to a profound conscious sense of the kinship of all species and the dependence
of the human family on extra-species links.
Animism assumes that a broad range of communications can occur between
humanity and other species, for the totemic and tutelary connection with animal
powers can take many forms; but inter-species rapport is not limited
to communication with animals. It also includes communication with plant
species, especially those characterized in shamanistic traditions as
sacred plants or teacher plants. Animism encompasses the
entire range of such contacts and indigenous lore abounds with vivid
stories of these interactions. By asserting that our place in the greater
order of Nature depends on inter-species rapport, animist belief provides
a crucial factor in the metahistorical view of learning,
a capacity that may represent the distinctive mark of the human
Annunaki A name found in Sumerian myth
dating in written form from 1800 BCE, but preserving a much older tradition.
Translated as those who from Heaven to Earth descended by
Zecharia Sitchin, who proposes that the Annunaki were ancient astronauts
from a doomed planet called Niburu. Their Biblical equivalents are the Anakim , celestials, and
the Nefilim , cloud-men.
For a rare Gnostic interpretation of the Annunaki see Alien
Aquarian Age One of the three As of
metahistory, the other two being Atlantis and Aryan.
The Aquarian Age is what Giorgio de Santillana called an implex, an
obscure or baffling idea in which a great many associated ideas are implied
or implanted. When the musical Hair, celebrating the Hippie lifestyle
opened in 1968, a year before Hamlets Mill was published,
its theme song announced the dawning of the Age of Aquarius and
became an instant popular anthem. Consistent with the cultural perception
of Hippie philosophy at that time, the Aquarian Age came to be imagined
as an era of equality and sharing that will celebrate the oneness of
the human family, yet there is no clear basis for these elements of collective
fantasy. After more than 30 years, three questions regarding this obscure
notion remain to be answered: What is the nature of the Age? What is
the timing of the Age?, and What (if any) is the astronomical basis of
It might be appropriate here to insert a personal note: I have spent
over thirty years investigating the model of the Zodiacal Ages and its
relation to astronomical science. So far, I have found no shred of evidence,
no historical precedent of any kind, to explain the popular conception
of the Aquarian Age as an era of peace and harmony. No textual or archeological
data supports this attribution. There is plenty of evidence that the
ancients had advanced astronomical knowledge of World Ages registered
in the Zodiac, a scheme in which the Aquarian Age would have been included,
but no evidence that they conceived of the character of the Age in this
manner. The emphasis on humanitarian ideals seems to come from astrology,
for the Sun Sign Aquarius is widely associated with social idealism and
altruism. Even if the roots of the fantasy go no deeper than the astrological
profile of that Sign, the Aquarian Age has come to focalize the belief
in a more humane society and a better, more compassionate world. This
implies, if not exactly the dream of a utopia, the wish for improved
living conditions and safety for the global community. In short, the
Aquarian fantasy may be a kind of magnet for a vast collective longing
for a better, more peaceful world. As such, it would represent the belief
of humanism that our species can indeed create a humane and egalitarian
society, purely out of its own resources.
As for the timing of the Age and its definition in astronomical terms,
these two issues go together. Over 80 estimates of the timing have been
proposed, but the extent of the Aquarian Age can be (and, I believe,
ought to be) determined by strict astronomical calculations. By this
standard, there are almost 800 years before the Age begins. Thats
a long dawn by any count. We are currently living in the Piscean Age,
an epoch of continuous religious strife that began around 120 BCE.
The pattern of Ages based on the constellations of the Zodiac is an attested
feature of ancient astronomical science. My research indicates that ancient
astronomers in Egypt, India, and Central America understood the entire
cycle of Zodiacal timing that encompasses a period of 26,000 years, the
full cycle of precession of the equinoxes. If this is so,
and if astronomer-priests of the past were able to compute the various
Ages and somehow determine their character (Zeitgeist, the
spirit of the times), then they might have possessed the framework
for a long-term agenda of human evolution. This is the belief of advocates
of alternative history, those who argue that the sacred science of timekeeping
involved a millennial overview of human experience -- quite literally, the
wisdom of the Ages.
Aquarius is one of the three A-words of metahistory because the mere
mention of this word introduces an alternative scenario of history. The
Aquarian motif reflects the belief that humanity can achieve an ideal
social order on the global scale. It may do so out of its own innate
goodness, or it may be guided to do so by an elite corps of initiates
or Masters who can plot the learning curve of the species over millennial
epochs of time. The belief in the overseeing role of such Masters is
common to esoteric movements such as Theosophy and Rosicrucianism. For
more on this problematic theme, see guidance.
archetype From Latin, primordial
or original pattern. A term widely associated with the psychological
theories of C. G. Jung, although it does not originate with him.
The Jungian conception of the archetype is almost identical with the
notion of instinct in biology. It could be said that the archetypes in
the human psyche are directive patterns, comparable to instincts in other
In the metahistorical perspective, archetypes are fascinating mainly
due to the beliefs that have become attached to them since the birth
of modern psychology after 1900. The main belief promulgated by Jung
is that the archetypes determine how the psyche functions at an unconscious
level, but when they are brought into relation with the conscious self
(through a process Jung called individuation), they empower the personality
with spiritual insight, creative inspiration, charisma, and exceptional
moral incentive. The archetypes are thus like hidden batteries charged
with god-like numinosity (spiritual power).
In the Jungian movement and in the variety of psychotherapies it has
spawned, archetypes are viewed as divine properties residing in the human
soul. The archetypes of the Hero, the Mother and the Trickster (among
others) can be identified with the gods of pagan religion. This is consistent
with the Jungian outlook that regards psychology as a modern form of
religion. The conversion of religious beliefs into tools for self-initiated
psychological growth accounts for the widespread appeal of Jungian ideas
among people who have lost their faith in the doctrines and practices
of traditional religion.
Archon From Greek archai, "origins,
beginning things, prior in time." In the classical Mediterranean
world, archon was commonly used for the governor of
a province, or, more loosely, any religious or governmental authority.
plural, Archons, is often translated in Gnostic texts as "the
is no Coptic word for Archon, so Gnostic texts use the Greek
term in Coptic transliteration.) Pronounced Ar-kon. Adjective,
In my usual habit of attempting the impossible, I propose three definitions,
or three levels of definition:
Level One: Cosmological
In Gnostic cosmology, Archons are a species of inorganic beings that emerged
in the solar system prior to the formation of the earth. They are cyborgs
inhabiting the planetary system (exclusive of the earth, sun and moon),
which is described as a virtual world (stereoma) they construct
by imitating the geometric forms emanated from the Pleroma, the realm of
the Generators, the Cosmic Gods. The Archons are a genuine species with
their own proper habitat, and may even be considered to be god-like, but
they lack intentionality (ennoia: self-directive capacity), and
they have a nasty tendency to stray from their boundaries and intrude on
the human realm. Archons are said to feel intense envy toward
humanity because we possess the intentionality they lack
The Gaia Mythos describes how the Archons were produced
by fractal impact in the dense elementary field arrays (dema) of the
galactic limbs, when the Aeon Sophia plunged unilaterally from the galactic
core. See especially Episode
10. This event is also described in detail in Alien
Level Two: Noetic-Psychological
In Gnostic psychology, the noetic science of the Mystery Schools, Archons
are an alien force that intrudes subliminally upon the human mind and
deviates our intelligence away from its proper and sane applications.
They are not what makes us act inhumanely, for we all have the potential
to go against our innate humanity, violating the truth in our hearts,
but they make us play out inhumane behavior to weird and violent extremes.
Left to our own devices, we would sometimes act inhumanely and then correct
it, contain the aberration. Obviously, we do not always do so. In the exaggeration of
our insane and inhumane tendencies, and in extreme, uncorrected deviance
from our innate intelligence, Gnostics saw the signature of an alien
species that piggy-backs on the worst human failings.
Hence, Archons are psycho-spiritual parasites. Yet as offspring of the
Aeon Sophia, they are also our cosmic kin.
As inorganic entities of two types, embryonic and reptilian, Archons
can at moments penetrate the terrestrial atmosphere and terrorize humans,
although there is no reason or order to these forays, for the aliens
cannot remain for very long in the biosphere and, anyway, they have no
master plan to accomplish here. The ontological status of the Archons
is dual: they exist both as an alien species independent of
humankind, and as a presence in our minds, rather like a set
of programs operating in our mental environment. The risk they pose by
invading our mental software is far greater than any physical risk
they might pose by erratically breaching the biosphere.
Working through telepathy and suggestion, the Archons attempt to deviate
us from our proper course of evolution. Their most successful technique
is to use religious ideology to insinuate their way of thinking and,
in effect, substitute their mind-set for ours. According to the Gnostics,
Judeo-Christian salvationism is the primary ploy of the Archons, an alien
Our capacity to discern alien forces working in our minds is
crucial to survival and co-evolution with Gaia who, as Sophia, accidentally
produced the Archons in the first place. (This comment belongs to Level
One, the cosmological definition, but as so often happens with Gnostic
teachings, noetic and cosmic elements tend to merge.) By recognizing
and repelling the Archons, we claim our power, define our boundaries
in the cosmic framework, and establish our purpose relative to Gaia,
the indwelling intelligence of the planet.
Level three: Sociological
In the Gnostic view of human society, the Archons are alien forces that
act through authoritarian systems, including belief-systems, in ways
that cause human beings to turn against their innate potential and violate
the symbiosis of nature. LIVE spelled backwards is EVIL, but the Archons
are not evil in the sense that they possess autonomous powers of destruction,
able to be applied directly upon humanity. They are agents of error rather
than evil — but human error, when it goes uncorrected and runs
beyond the scale of correction, turns into evil and works against the
universal plan of life. Gnostics taught that the Archons exploit our
tendency to let our mistakes go uncorrected.
Because the Archons need human complicity to gain power over humankind,
any one who assists them can be considered a kind of Archon, an accessory.
How do humans assist the Archons? One way (suggested in the Level Two
definition) is by accepting the mental programs of the Archons — that
is, adopting the alien intelligence as if it were human-based — and
implementing those programs by actually enforcing them in society. Another
way is by actively or passively conforming to the agendas so proposed
Jacques Lacarriere suggests that Gnostics detected the humanized face
of the Archons in all authoritarian structures and and systems that deny
authenticity and self-determination to the individual. He argues that
Gnostics recognized "the fundamentally corrupt character of all
human enterprises and institutions: time, history, powers,states, religions,
races, nations..." (The Gnostics, p. 24) Corruption occurs,
not because we make errors, but because the errors we make go uncorrected
and extrapolate beyond the scale of correction. Lacarriere says that
Gnostics reached this conclusion “out of rational observation of
the natural world and human behavior.” Ultimately, they asserted
the “contention that all power – whatever kind it may be – is
a source of alienation... All institutions, laws, religions, churches
and powers are nothing but a sham and a trap, the perpetuation of an
age-old deception.” (p. 28-29) This may seem like a dark view of
human affairs, but given the evidence of history (not to mention current
events), it cannot be said to be unfair or exaggerated.
For an intimate glimpse of Gnostic teaching on the Archons, including
advice on how to act when directly confronted by them, consider the passage
from The First Apocalypse of James, cited in A
Gnostic Catechism (forthcoming).
Archon/ET theory Proposed interpretation
of ET/UFO phenomenon based on Gnostic teachings. See the trilogy, The
Promise of a Lonely Planet in Gnostic
Archontic Heaven. Stereomic projection of spiritual kitsch.
Riddle: Does Archons play harps in their version of heaven?
Answer: Perhaps not, but they are playing with a huge one in Alaska.
Armageddon The name
of the great battlefield where, on Judgement
Day, the powers
of evil will be overcome
by the powers of good and God will judge the world. See Armadeggon
aryan One of the three As of metahistory,
the other two being Aquarius and Atlantis.
The word aryan is a cue charged with momentous implications,
especially when capitalized. In Arktos (Basic
Reading) Jocelyn Godwin explains how the term Aryan was introduced
around 1820 by speculative historians who were pondering the
origin of the diversity of human races. Some Romantic philosophers
of the time,
such as Friedrich von Schlegel [1767 1845] were deeply affected
by Sanskrit religious texts that were just then coming to be read in
the West, and they saw in the ancient Indian culture a kind of apex of
humanity. Schlegel theorized that the ancient Hindus belonged to a root-race
originally united with the Nordic or Scandinavian peoples. He called
this Indian-Nordic mix Aryan. (Godwin, 38ff) Quite soon other
myth-making historians took up the clue. With a few decades Aryan came
to indicate a master race that had existed in primordial
times and may have established a lost civilization in the region of the
The belief in a master race was promoted by Gobineaus tract On
the Inequality of Human Races, published in 1853. The author,
a French diplomat, endorsed the belief in the natural superiority
of the White
Man and warned that the purity of the bloodline had been tainted
by centuries of mixed marriage. This belief later became a central
factor in Nazi
political theory. It remains to this day a cherished and violently
defended principle of self-styled Aryan brotherhoods such as
the Aryan Nations
of Utah in the USA.
In parallel with the emergence of Nazi racial ideology, another
concept of Aryan was developing. In Theosophy, the spiritual
by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky in 1875, Aryan was the name given
to a lineage of super-evolved human beings who were believed
to oversee and guide
the human race. Theosophists argued that the word derives from
the Sanskrit arya, noble,
advanced. The Aryan Masters of Blavatsky were the Mahatmas, great
spirits who represent the evolutional avant-garde of the human
species. Collectively, they are called the Great White Brotherhood. In
the teachings of theosophy, these benevolent spiritual guides are selflessly
dedicated to serve humanity, quite unlike Nazis megalomaniacs intent
upon imposing upon the world the ideology of a Master Race. Rarely has
a term been charged with such diametrically conflicting beliefs as Aryan.
assemblage point Bizarre
concept introduced by Carlos Castaneda for a point in the "luminous
egg" or auric field that surrounds each human being.
In some obscure
manner, the egg is attached to the physical body via the assemblage
point. The mechanism of the assemblage point is one of the more
baffling matters to be presented by don Juan in the entire series
It might seem that we are facing here something unique to Carlos
Castaneda, an item of his idiosyncratic imagination. A pure contrivance
on his part. But no. Consider the following trail of clues:
The last dean of the School of Athens, a man named Damascius
(c. 530 CE), left an account of activities at the Royal Library
in Alexandria in the previous century. Damascius' original writings
are lost, but survive in quotes. He descibes teachings of the
Schools said to have been written down by Isidorus, the husband
of the Alexandrian Gnostic
teacher, Hypatia, who was murdered in 415 CE by a Christian mob.
The works of Isidorus are also lost (read: destroyed by Christian
converts), but the second-hand fragments of Damascius allow us
to reconstruct them. (See G. R. S. Mead, The Subtle
The teachings state that each human being is enclosed in an
auric body called the augoeides or “radiant
sphere.” This description matches the “luminous
egg” of Castaneda. Isodorus wrote that in the Mysteries
initiates were shown how the augoeides is
fastened to the physical body at a point on the right shoulder
blade (Mead, p. 60). According to Castaneda, the luminous egg
is locked to the physical body by the “assemblage
point,” located at arm’s length off the right shoulder
blade, behind the back.
This is one of fourteen clear correlations between
Mystery School teachings and the neo-shamanic lore developed
assessing belief One of
the three main practices of metacritique, the other two being
defusing belief and
Belief is assessed by observing the behavior it produces. Since
the same belief can produce different behaviors in different
people, it may seem
unfair and even incorrect to judge beliefs on behavioural grounds,
rather than the individuals who commit the behavior. But in metahistory
wish to avoid judging individuals on their behaviour. The rule
of assessment requires that we recognize and respect the autonomous
power of beliefs.
So great is this power that it may exceed the power of the individual
person who adopts the belief. Therefore we attribute behavior
first to the dynamic of belief, and second to the individual
who holds the belief
and enacts it.
Metahistorical assessment of beliefs shows that they are often
capable of driving humans to insane and inhumane acts. This prompts
us to inquire
if there is something in the belief that may be insane and inhumane,
even though many people who hold it do not enact it along those
lines. Since we are assessing belief and not individuals, we
look for the cause
of insanity in the beliefs. This approach is unique to metacritique.
assigned belief A belief
acquired from ones familial, cultural and religious background
and accepted like a task or role assigned to the believer, rather
than chosen on a
The ranks of the mass-scale religions are filled by adherents
who hold assigned beliefs yet defend them as if they were voluntarily
It could be said, for instance, that Christianity is a creed
embraced by millions but rarely chosen by anyone. Because assigned
an individual to realize an identity within a community of other
believers, the beliefs held seem to belong intrinsically to the
believer, who will
defend them against all opposition. Since lapse of belief would
be tantamount to loss of identity, adherents are often willing
to die for what they
believe, even though they have not freely chosen to believe it
in the first place.
In millions of cases the Christian faith is assigned to the believer
by parents, educators and other authority figures. Assignment
implies that no other choice was ever considered, because no
other valid choice
is admitted by those who do the assigning. In the case of conversion,
which accounts for millions of adherents to Christianity, the
believer may have held an optional creed or belief-system before
so there is an element of choice in switching from one set of
beliefs to the other. This is an extremely generous view of conversion,
Due to the atmosphere of emotional contagion typical of religious
rallies, the factor of choice may be almost totally overwhelmed.
due to conversion usually exhibit the three marks of assigned
belief: they are (1) unilaterally imposed, (2) uncritically accepted,
validated by the power of consensus. In many cases, conversion
is hardly more than re-assignment from one belief-system to another.
For a complete list of permutations of belief see Modes
Atlantis Legendary civilization
described by Plato but not corroborated by other references in
Along with Aquarian and Aryan, the third A-word of metahistory.
The A-words are cues to alternative historical scenarios. Each
one triggers a set of notions that rapidly build into a controversial
story, if not
of human origins, then certainly of human civilization. In its
most succinct form, the Atlantis scenario proposes that civilization
in the historical
period since 4500 BCE did not develop from scratch but was inherited
from a preceding civilization that existed before the last Ice
is, previous to 9000 BCE. The Atlantis introduces the possibility of
a highly developed maritime civilization that existed before the
Flood. This is the thesis of Charles Hapgood, revised by
Graham Hancock in Fingerprints of the Gods (Suggested
reading for Origins.)
autopoesis Literally, "self-making." Extremely
chic notion in avant-garde biology and complexity theory, though perhaps
Self-organization is now recognized to be a prominent feature of terrestrial
nature at all levels, and of the cosmos at large. In Gnostic language
the autopoetic function is called Autogenes, "self-generating." (Pronounced
Awe-TOE-gen-KNEES.) As the biospheric system is understood so far, Gaia
is autopoetic. It is widely accepted that the Gaian system, the biosphere,
is autopoetic. This may sound like a lofty pronouncement but James Lovelock
himself plays it down: "Scientists are usually condemned to lead
urban lives, but I find that country folk still living close ot the earth
often seem puzzled that anyone should need to make a formal proposition
of anything as obvious as the Gaia hypothesis." (Cited by Jon Turney
in Lovelock & Gaia, p. 52-3)
At the cosmic level, autopoesis is the configuring action that arises
spontaneously in the presence of a living cosmic current or Aeon. When
this torrential outpouring encounters elemental matter (in scientific
terms, atomic states), it configures those states. The mere
presence of Sophia in the outer limbs organizes the chaos of the elements
(described in the Gaia Mythos,
beginning in Episode 9.)
Axial Age Term introduced by German philosopher
Karl Jaspers for the pivotal period of civilization around 600 BCE that
produced a vast shift in culture and consciousness. See also World Ages.